What is Prostate Cancer?

A cancerous prostate cell has the followingfeatures:

  • Uncontrolled growth
  • Abnormal structure
  • The ability to move to other parts of the body (invasiveness).

It is important to note that not all clusters of cells growing in a mass are cancerous, and that a prostate with an irregular shape is not necessarily cancerous either. It is advisable to ask your doctor what it may be.

Prostate cancer can be slow-growing and some menwho develop prostate cancer may live many years without ever having the cancerdetected. It is important to get screened regularly so that if you do developprostate cancer, the appropriate action can be taken. A significant proportionof prostate cancers, if untreated, may have serious consequences.

While any man candevelop prostate cancer, you may be at a high risk if you are…

Over 50: Age is the strongest risk factor for prostate cancer. Your risk increasesstarting at age 50, and most cases are diagnosed in men over age 65. ProstateCancer Canada recommends that men in their 40s get a PSA test to establishtheir baseline. If you think you are at increased risk, talk to your doctorbefore age 40.

Have a family history of prostate cancer: Your risk is higher if a first-degree relative(father or brother) has had prostate cancer. Your risk increases with eachadditional first-degree relative who has the disease.

African or Caribbean:Prostate cancer ismore common among men in these ethnic groups. 


Overweight: Achieving and maintaining a healthy weightreduces your risk. Regular exercise and a nutritious diet are important tooverall well-being.

Do not have a healthy diet: Men who eat a low-fibre, high-fat diet are morelikely to develop prostate cancer. Saturated fats may increase testosteroneproduction and promote the growth of prostate cancer cells.

Whyis Prostate Cancer Particularly Important When it comes to Younger Men?

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer toaffect Canadian men. With one in seven men being diagnosed with the disease intheir lifetime, the threat of prostate cancer for men is far greater than iscommonly thought. Even more alarming is that Prostate Cancer is being diagnosedmore and more in younger men. If you’re a younger man who’s been diagnosed withprostate cancer, you may feel isolated and alone thinking that this is an oldman’s disease. Just know that many younger men are also going through prostatecancer, and that you’re not alone.

CanadianCancer Society
  • Sep 16, 2015
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