A cancerous prostate cell has the following features:

  • Uncontrolled growth
  • Abnormal structure
  • The ability to move to other parts of the body (invasiveness).

It is important to note that not all clusters of cells growing in a mass are cancerous, and that a prostate with an irregular shape is not necessarily cancerous either. It is advisable to ask your doctor what it may be.

Prostate cancer can be slow-growing and some men who develop prostate cancer may live many years without ever having the cancer detected. It is important to get screened regularly so that if you do develop prostate cancer, the appropriate action can be taken. A significant proportion of prostate cancers, if untreated, may have serious consequences.

While any man can develop prostate cancer, you may be at a high risk if you are…

Over 50: Age is the strongest risk factor for prostate cancer. Your risk increases starting at age 50, and most cases are diagnosed in men over age 65. Prostate Cancer Canada recommends that men in their 40s get a PSA test to establish their baseline. If you think you are at increased risk, talk to your doctor before age 40.

Have a family history of prostate cancer: Your risk is higher if a first-degree relative(father or brother) has had prostate cancer. Your risk increases with each additional first-degree relative who has the disease.

African or Caribbean: Prostate cancer ismore common among men in these ethnic groups.

Overweight: Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight reduces your risk. Regular exercise and a nutritious diet are important to over all well-being.

Do not have a healthy diet: Men who eat a low-fibre, high-fat diet are more likely to develop prostate cancer. Saturated fats may increase testosterone production and promote the growth of prostate cancer cells.


Why is Prostate Cancer Particularly Important When it comes to Younger Men?

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer to affect Canadian men. With one in seven men being diagnosed with the disease in their lifetime, the threat of prostate cancer for men is far greater than is commonly thought. Even more alarming is that Prostate Cancer is being diagnosed more and more in younger men. If you’re a younger man who’s been diagnosed with prostate cancer, you may feel isolated and alone thinking that this is an old man’s disease. Just know that many younger men are also going through prostate cancer, and that you’re not alone.

Reference
Canadian Cancer Society